The Integrated Air and Missile Defense Project Office of the Program Executive Office for Missiles and Space conducted its Army IAMD 2013 Demonstration from Oct. 22 to Nov. 6. The demonstration exhibited emerging capabilities of the IAMD Battle Command System and demonstrated user defined IBCS objectives on the path toward the AIAMD Developmental Test program starting in 2014.
The demonstration showcased the current integration efforts of hardware and software from the project office – IBCS Engagement Operations Center and Integrated Fire Control Network Relay; the Cruise Missile Defense System Project Office – Sentinel radar; the Counter-Rocket, Artillery and Mortar Project Office – Air Defense Airspace Management Cell and Ku-Band Multi-Function Radio Frequency System radar; and the Lower Tier Project Office – Patriot Engagement Control Station and Information Coordination Central.
The AIAMD program integrates sensors, weapons and a common mission command capability across a single, integrated fire control network providing a high-fidelity Single Integrated Air Picture for the Army and is the Army contribution to joint IAMD capabilities. The demonstration provided a snapshot of current developmental efforts focused on achieving a common, network-centric air and missile defense mission command capability, increased integrated defense effectiveness, and reduced mission command footprint.
The IBCS provides a common mission command capability enabling control and management of AIAMD sensors and weapons. When fielded in 2017, IBCS will integrate Patriot radars and launchers, Sentinel radars, and potentially Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor components to support engagement of AMD threats. Each sensor and weapon platform will have a ‘plug and fight’ interface module which supplies distributed battle management functionality to enable network-centric operations on a high bandwidth, low latency Warfighter Information Network – Tactical sub-network. The plug and fight architecture will also facilitate integration of future AMD capabilities.
As a demonstration of this network-centric capability, the ADAM Cell has been integrated into the AIAMD architecture via the IFCN. This enables the sharing of sensor data between the sensors organic to the AIAMD architecture and those tied into the ADAM, consistent with those in a Brigade Combat Team. C-RAM software, virtualized within the AIAMD architecture in the ADAM, was operated by Soldiers to perform typical BCT and Air Defense Artillery Brigade type functions in support of AIAMD Demonstration scenarios.
The IBCS offers many benefits to the Soldier. The system offers commanders the ability to battle manage across all sensors and shooters through the IFCN, eliminating single points of failure. Commanders have the capability to scale and tailor their force packages. Advanced collaborative tools enable positive mission command of AMD assets across enlarged areas of operation. The composite/integrated and distributed air picture afforded by IBCS significantly improves combat identification and fratricide reduction on the battlefield by providing commanders improved situational awareness and situational understanding. The ability to use all sensors and launchers on the network enables commanders to defend a larger area against a full spectrum of threats. These threats include cruise missiles, ballistic missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, and large caliber rockets – with greater flexibility to tailor weapon-to-target pairings.
In order to properly execute the AIAMD 2013 demonstration, the event consisted of five phases. Phase one – training phase – ensured that the Soldiers understood the concept of the operation and how to use the system and was conducted in parallel with phase two. Key tasks for phase one included rehearsals, checks on learning, scenario development and practical exercises.
Phase two was the System Integration and Check-Out phase. This phase ensured that phase three (live) and phase four (simulation) configurations were in working order. SICO allowed system engineers to test system configurations and ensure hardware and software were in proper working order which also reduced risk in the following phases. Key to the success of the SICO phase was ensuring that the three Sentinel radars being used in the demonstration were integrated into the architecture and passing live tracks into the network. This transmission of Sentinel measurement data over the IFCN was a key integration aspect of the demonstration as well as a major objective for the event. Two of the Sentinel radars were adapted to provide measurement data directly onto the IFCN network and one was a legacy system which passed track data onto the network through the AIAMD ADAM Cell.
Phase three focused on the demonstration objectives in a live air object environment with Soldier participation. This phase was accomplished by utilizing tactical systems, sensors and instrumented air objects which included the Puma and Outlaw Unmanned Aerial Vehicles as well as the Velocity manned aircraft. Phase three also afforded the opportunity to demonstrate the Integrated Defense Designer prototype. The IDD integrates the planning capabilities of multiple air and missile defense systems. It is fully integrated in the Common Warfighter Machine Interface, designed with input from air and missile defense experts and current war fighters. The IDD provides a more intuitive experience than legacy planners with easy to use drag and drop interactions to build threat sets and task force structures.
Phase four of the demonstration shifted from the use of live targets to a simulated air object environment and allowed Soldiers to exercise Tactics, Techniques and Procedures against threat targets. The TTPs originated from the training Soldiers received in phase one and recommendations generated from the crews themselves. The principal difference from phase three was the ability to demonstrate AIAMD objectives with Patriot-provided targets and the introduction of threat scenarios via simulation drivers. Phase four took place from within the Software Engineering Directorate/Radar Operations Facility network utilizing tactical systems with a Flight Mission Simulator/Digital, Sentinel Simulation, and C-RAM Distributed System of Systems Simulation support.
Phase five focused on the IAMD Joint Analysis Team’s ongoing collection, reduction and analysis of data. Data was collected throughout the demonstration and will result in a final report documenting the accomplishment of all demonstration objectives in December.
A VIP day was conducted Oct. 24 for official visitors to see the initial IBCS operations at the Redstone Arsenal SED and the ROF. Senior leaders in attendance represented the Army Fires Center of Excellence, Air Defense Artillery School, Training and Doctrine Command Capability Manager-Army Air and Missile Defense Command, TCM ADA Brigade, Aviation and Missile Research Development and Engineering Center, Space and Missile Defense Command, Missile Defense Agency, Office of the Secretary of Defense/Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, Army Test and Evaluation Command, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon and Lockheed Martin.
Visitors received AIAMD overview briefings from the IAMD project manager and the TCM AAMDC. They toured the Government Systems Integration Lab, the Counter Rocket, Artillery and Mortar Lab, and the Radar Operations Facility where they received detailed briefings from and engaged subject matter experts on the IFC Network, IFCN Relay, IBCS EOC and Integrated Collaborative Environment, Integrated IDD, ADAM Cell, and Sentinel Radar. Senior leaders were also afforded the opportunity to talk with IBCS and ADAM Cell Soldiers as they were operating the IBCS through a series of tactical live scenarios in the EOC.
Lt. Gen. David Mann, commander of the Space and Missile Defense Command, and Brig. Gen. Donald Fryc, commandant of the Army Air Defense School, were in attendance and were pleased with the day’s activities and expressed their appreciation for the opportunity to attend the IAMD 2013 Demonstration VIP Day.
The AIAMD 2013 Demonstration provided an early look at emerging IBCS capabilities. It allowed the AIAMD program to mitigate program risk by exercising procedures that will be used during upcoming formal system testing, provided a snapshot of developmental efforts, demonstrated emerging capabilities through user-defined objectives while mitigating program risk, exercised formal system testing procedures and afforded the opportunity for the IAMD Project Office to receive Soldier feedback on IBCS hardware, software, and operating procedures early in the development cycle.